What Is The Difference Between Infantile Spasms And Seizures?

How common are infantile spasms?

Infantile spasms (also known as West syndrome) is a form of epilepsy that occurs in 1 in 2,000 children.

It typically begins between 2-12 months of age and peaks between 4-8 months of age..

What does seizure look like in baby?

Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious. For an example of how a focal seizure might look, click here.

What do infantile spasms look like?

The seizures often look like a sudden bending forward of the body with stiffening of the arms and legs lasting for 1-2 seconds; some children arch their backs as they extend their arms and legs. Spasms tend to occur upon awakening and often occur in multiple clusters and hundreds of seizures per day.

What is the difference between spasms and seizures?

An epileptic spasm is a sudden flexion, extension or mixed flexion-extension of proximal and truncal muscles, lasting 1-2 seconds i.e. longer than a myoclonic jerk (which lasts milliseconds) but not as long as a tonic seizure (which lasts > 2 seconds). Spasms typically occur in a series, usually on wakening.

How quickly does vigabatrin work for infantile spasms?

How does the body digest Vigabatrin? -After taking Sabril tablets, peak blood levels are reached in 1-2.5 hours and effects probably last several days. -Sabril is usually taken two times a day to lessen side effects from a large single dose.

What is shudder syndrome?

Shuddering attacks are recognized as an uncommon benign disorder occurring during infancy or early childhood. The attacks seem to involve shivering movements occurring daily for several seconds without impairment of consciousness. it consists of rapid shivering of the head, shoulder, and occasionally the trunk.

What does Sandifer Syndrome look like?

In a typical attack of Sandifer syndrome, a baby’s back will arch suddenly. With their back flexed, their head and legs also splay out backward. They become stiff. Other expressions of the syndrome include nodding head movements, twisting or tilting of the head, or thrashing limbs.

Are infantile spasms an emergency?

Infantile Spasms (IS) are a medical emergency. Infantile spasms are a rare, but very serious type of seizure. Infantile spasms are caused by a condition in a baby’s brain and include repetitive, but often subtle movements—such as jerking of the mid-section, dropping of the head, raising of the arms or wide-eyed blinks.

What are the first signs of a seizure?

Seizure signs and symptoms may include:Temporary confusion.A staring spell.Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs.Loss of consciousness or awareness.Cognitive or emotional symptoms, such as fear, anxiety or deja vu.

What does a myoclonic seizure look like?

Myoclonic seizures are characterized by brief, jerking spasms of a muscle or muscle group. They often occur with atonic seizures, which cause sudden muscle limpness. The word “myoclonic” combines the Greek prefix for muscle — “myo” — with “clonus,” which means twitching.

Is seizure and epilepsy same?

A seizure is a single occurrence, whereas epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by two or more unprovoked seizures.

How do I know if my baby has infantile spasms?

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms (IS)Raise their arms over their head or stick their arms straight out to the side.Stiffen their legs or “tuck them into the belly,” as if having stomach pain.Suddenly bend at the waist.Drop or bob their heads briefly.Roll their eyes back suddenly with subtle head nodding.More items…

What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?

Symptoms may include:Delays in developmental milestones.Increase or lack of growth in head size.Changes in activity, reflexes, or movements.Lack of coordination.Changes in level of consciousness or mood.Muscle rigidity, tremors, or seizures.Muscle wasting and slurred speech.More items…

What happens if infantile spasms are left untreated?

Infantile spasms is a complex and rare disorder that can have very serious consequences. It can lead to death in some babies, and cause intellectual disabilities and developmental problems in others. Even once the seizures are gone, the damaging brain effects can remain.

Is infantile spasms genetic?

In addition to the genetic mutations in TSC1 and TSC2, which cause tuberous sclerosis, specific genetic defects have been identified in many patients with early onset of infantile spasms, including mutations in the gene ARX on the short arm of chromosome X, which is associated with a wide variety of structural brain …

Are infantile spasms seizures?

Infantile spasms usually … An epileptic spasm is a specific type of seizure seen in an epilepsy syndrome of infancy and childhood often called West Syndrome. These are more commonly called infantile spasms (IS) since they are seen most often in the first year of life.

Do babies grow out of infantile spasms?

They look very much like a startle. Babies also might have slowed development or loss of skills (like babbling, sitting, or crawling). Although the spasms usually go away by the time a child is 4 years old, many babies with IS will have other kinds of epilepsy later in life.

Can infantile spasm be cured?

Many children with infantile spasms develop other kinds of epilepsy. (Watch examples of infantile spasms.) “Some of these children can be cured, but successful treatment often depends on prompt diagnosis,” said Hussain.

Do infantile spasms hurt?

Each spasm usually lasts less than 10 seconds. A cluster or severe spasms can last for minutes. After a spasm, the baby may cry or laugh. The spasms do not cause pain, but the baby may cry because the quick jerking movement surprises them.

Do infantile spasms cause mental retardation?

Infantile spasms (IS), i.e., West syndrome, as an epileptic encephalopathy, represents one of the major causes of acquired mental retardation in early childhood (Roger and Dulac, 1994).